CZASOPISMO INSTYTUTU HISTORII UJK w Kielcach

ALMANACH HISTORYCZNY

ISSN 1642-4530

 

Autor Martyna Barczyńska (Kielce)
Tytuł Summa de matrimonio Mistrza Vacariusa (1120-1200)
Title SUMMA DE MATRIMONIO BY MASTER VACARIUS (1120–1200)
Słowa kluczowe mistrz Vacarius, małżeństwo, prawo kanoniczne, prawo świeckie, darowi-zny małżeńskie, prawo małżeńskie.
Keywords Master Vacarius, marriage, the canonic law, secular law, marriage law, dona-tions
Strony 31-37
Pełny tekst / full text
Tom 19

Summary

The article is a characteristic of the treaty Summa de matrimonio by Master Vacarius (1120 –1200), a lawyer who engaged in the twelfth-century discussion on the issue of mar-riage. He discussed engagement, marriage contracts and dowries. Summa de matrimonio presents the former legal standards, which usually combined secular customs with the of-cial doctrine of the Church. In his considerations, Vacarius puts for ward a belief that the va-lidity of the marriage is determined by the spiritual bond between spouses, not their bodily contact. In legal terms, he distinguished two contracts: an engagement contract and a mar-riage contract which also determined the division of property. He pointed out that in ma-trimonial issues the Church did not apply any rules of secular law, but was guided by the principles of canon law.