|Paulina Bies (Kielce)
|VISIT OF ALEXANDER I IN WARSAW (NOVEMBER 12 – DECEMBER 3, 1815) IN THE LIGHT OF THE REPORTS OF “GAZETA WARSZAWSKA” (WARSAW GAZETTE)
|History of Poland, Kingdom of Poland, tsar Alexander I.
Alexander I, the eldest son of Paul I and grandson of Catharine II, was born on (12) De-cember 1777. From the beginning his character was controversial. He was characterized as a cynical and calculating man, but also as a supporter of liberal principles and progressive systemic changes. Alexander was praised for the intention to grant the constitution in the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Poland. However, some condemned him as the creator of the Holy Alliance, which prepared the conditions for the outbreak of the November Up-rising. Poles waited for the arrival of the ruler, hoping that he would restore their country. This hope was fuelled by the king’s many assurances of his goodwill. During this visit (November 12 – December 3, 1815), he made the decision about regulating the shape and structure of the Kingdom of Poland. The tsar’s frst trip to Warsaw was the most important of his visits. Alexander, visiting the capital of the Kingdom of Poland, established a new order which was to last until the end of the existence of the Kingdom. The most important aim of the visit was to grant the constitution and make appointments for top positions and ofces of the Kingdom.